We Are Bereans

Then the brethren immediately sent Paul and Silas away by night to Berea. When they arrived, they went into the synagogue of the Jews. These were more fair-minded than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so.
Acts 17:10-11

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The Mideast Update News Site

In 2007, my eldest son moved to Jerusalem working as a journalist and writer. Since then he has done interviews with government officials, academics, and "the man on the street." Joshua maintains a news web site that draws from his contacts in the middle east: the Israeli government, middle eastern universities, and public relations outlets. His reporting, analysis, and insights are unique in reporting on Israel and the middle east.

Check it out: www.themideastupdate.com

Daily Aliyah App for iPhone/iPad

My friend Brock Wright has written an iPhone/iPad app called "Daily Aliyah" that displays the Torah and haftarah portion for the current week, as well as the daily aliyah for the day of the week. Get it for free in the iTunes App Store.


Rumination #49: How can the followers of Messiah make Israel jealous?

In Romans 11:11-14, Paul says that G-d will use Gentile believers to make Israel jealous. If you were to visit any Messianic congregation in the world today, you might wonder if possibly the reverse of this is true. You might think that, by what appears to be Gentile Messianics' "Jew wanna-be" behavior, it shows that Gentile Messianics are jealous of Israel. Of course, in some Christian circles they make that very point, that Messianic believers have it backwards. But of course, they are focusing on the wrong aspect of "jealousy." Yes, imitation is the sincerest form of flattery, but Gentiles that have embraced the roots of their faith are motivated not by the green-eyed monster, but by love and zeal for HaShem.

Traditionally, Christianity has considered that all Jews everywhere are somehow jealous of the Christian life. With some exceptions, that has not proved to be the case. Certainly all Israel is not jealous in any way of Christianity. Although Christianity is rightfully secure in knowing their Messiah, Israel is content to wait for their own rather than be jealous of Christians. Which begs the question again: How can the followers of Messiah make Israel jealous?

Maybe we are focusing on the wrong meaning for the word "jealousy." The word Paul uses in Romans 10 and 11 is the Greek word "parazeloo" which literally means "from zeal or envy." In English, zeal and envy are not even remotely related, but in Greek the same word can be used for both. In the Septuagint, the ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures, parazeloo is most often rendered from the Hebrew "kana" [zeal]. Is it possible that Gentile believers could be making Israel zealous? That, beloved, is what I believe is happening and will happen to an ever greater extent as more and more Gentiles follow their Master, Yeshua, into reverence for, and obedience to, the commandments of the Almighty.

Beloved, there are people on three sides now that tell Gentile believers that they should not be crossing those Jewish "lines of identity." Normative Judaism considers it an abomination for Gentiles to dress, eat, and live as "Jews." Some in Christianity mock those same Gentiles as "Judaizers" and "legalists." Within Messianic Judaism there are now those that use inviting language to Gentiles, but in the end discourage and even forbid them from the "Jewish" commandments. What a shame. I believe that the best testimony of the Gospel is that Jew and Gentile are made one. One King, One People, One Torah.

Invariably, when less religious Jews observe Gentiles embracing Judaism as a matter of their discipleship to Messiah Yeshua, they are made zealous themselves. As in every case, the commandments of HaShem, when lived out, are the best testimony of our wise G-d. No number of tracts, sermons, or street corners can compare to this:

Surely I have taught you statutes and judgments, just as HaShem my G-d commanded me, that you should act according to them in the land which you go to possess. Therefore be careful to observe them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes, and say, "Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people." For what great nation is there that has G-d so near to it, as HaShem our G-d is to us, for whatever reason we may call upon Him? And what great nation is there that has such statutes and righteous judgments as are in all this Torah which I set before you this day?"
Deuteronomy 4:5-6

When Fences Become Walls

And HASHEM said to Moses, “Go down and warn the people, lest they break through to HASHEM to look and many of them perish. Also let the priests who come near to HASHEM consecrate themselves, lest HASHEM break out against them.” And Moses said to HASHEM, “The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai, for you yourself warned us, saying, ‘Set limits around the mountain and consecrate it.”
Exodus 19:21-23

As for the one who is weak in faith, welcome him, but not to quarrel over opinions. One person believes he may eat anything, while the weak person eats only vegetables. Let not the one who eats despise the one who abstains, and let not the one who abstains pass judgment on the one who eats, for G-d has welcomed him. Who are you to pass judgment on the servant of another? It is before his own master that he stands or falls. And he will be upheld, for the L-rd is able to make him stand.
Romans 14:1-4

“Children want boundaries.” You have heard that, or perhaps you have said it yourself. It is true of course. Human beings seem to almost crave limits to our behavior. No doubt this part of our G-d-given conscience – our sense of “right and wrong.”

Let’s be honest though, our conscience is not the same thing as right and wrong – it simply is our sense of what we think is right and wrong. Sadly, some people seem to have no conscience at all, and it is equally sad when some think everything is wrong.

When Conscience Becomes a Choice

In order for our conscience to be a positive tool in our relationship with HaShem, we need to be careful what choices we make in establishing new (or new to us) “fences” (boundaries put up to protect particular commandments) and how we maintain a distinction between those fences and the written commandments of HaShem. Once a standard is a part of our conscience, it is difficult to undo that without damaging our conscience.

It is common in newly observant communities for individuals to grab hold of standards that are new to them. This can be very good. The danger is when individuals make these fences matters of conscience. This is a matter of choice if the fences are not clearly distinguished from the actual commandments of HaShem. “So, if the standard is upheld, and the individual conscience is not offended, what is the downside?” you might ask. The dangers are:

  • An ever-increasing more-observant-than-thou attitude
  • Adding to your personal “I will be offended if…” list
  • Your children as they grow older may have difficulty distinguishing between HaShem’s commandments and your newly established fence
  • By choice, becoming the “weaker brother”

Safely Embracing Fences

In the case of neighbors with literal fences along a property line, it is easy to understand that one neighbor cannot move the fence without affecting the other. This is also the case of “fences around the Torah.” To best understand how to safely embrace fences, we must remind ourselves what fences are and how they might affect others. A fence is a standard that is beyond of the literal words of HaShem. Notice, that man did not initiate the fence around Mount Sinai in Exodus 19 to keep the people safe. HaShem commanded that it be built. So the Exodus 19 model does not apply to “fences around the Torah” – that is, unless you are also willing to disregard the very sober words in Deuteronomy 4:2:

You shall not add to the word that I command you, nor take from it, that you may keep the commandments of HaShem your G-d that I command you.
Deuteronomy 4:2

Yeshua alludes to this in His admonition:

And why do you break the commandment of G-d for the sake of your tradition?
Matthew 15:3b

I am very encouraging to people who want to embrace Jewish tradition, making the lifestyle of Judaism, their own. I offer this personal caution however: as you adopt traditional halacha and make it your own, do not make the traditional halacha a matter of conscience. That is truly your choice. Distinguish between the literal commandment, and the traditional “how to” in walking out that commandment. Here are my personal recommendations:

  • Context. Do your best to mirror the community in which you find yourself. If your community does not adhere to your newfound fence, be careful to not promote it as a community standard. Do not broadcast your fence. It is personal, or for your family only. On the other hand, be careful to reflect the community in which you are currently a part. Do not offend your brothers and sisters by what you permit or by what you forbid.
  • If you have children, as they get older, make it clear that your “family rules” are not “more right” than any other family’s rules.
  • Be gracious. Recognize that everyone errs in some way. Make sure you do not begin to look down on those who do not share the same fences that you do.
  • Remember Romans 14:4:

Who are you to pass judgment on the servant of another? It is before his own master that he stands or falls. And he will be upheld, for the L-rd is able to make him (and you) stand.
Romans 14:1-4

Don’t let your fences become walls. Walls that keep out the blessing of a healthy relationship with HaShem, or walls that make your circle of brothers and sisters ever more small.




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